Dr. Mahmoud specializes in small gauge vitreoretinal surgery, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular occlusion, macular degeneration, complex retinal detachment, intraocular implants, macular holes, epiretinal membranes, and vitreomacular traction. He has developed many surgical techniques and most recently the use of subretinal air to displace subretinal hemorrhage in macular degeneration. Dr. Mahmoud graduated Valedictorian from Ainshams University. He has been invited as a guest speaker at many lectures, besides being a consultant to the FDA. Dr. Mahmoud received the Edward K. Isbey, Jr., M.D. Resident Award for "Excellence in Clinical Care, Ethics, and Research", the Retina Research Foundation/"Joseph M. and Eula C. Lawrence" award from the ARVO, the "Senior Honor Award" from the American Society of Retina Specialists, the prestigious Robert A. Machemer research award from the Duke Eye Center, the "Distinguished Teacher of the Year Award" from the Kresge Eye Institute, and has been on the list of Best Doctors in America since 2009. He was the program director of the Vitreoretinal Surgery Fellowship at the Kresge Eye Institute in Michigan before coming back to Duke to join the retina faculty when the world renowned Brooks W. McCuen, MD retired. Wayne State University-Kresge Eye Institute established the "Tamer H. Mahmoud, MD endowed fellowship research award" in 2012. This award is bestowed yearly to the fellow presenting the best paper. Dr. Mahmoud is a co-founder of the Arab-African Society of Retina Specialists (AASRS), co-director of the yearly popular Mid-West Chicagoland retina update conference, and director of the Duke Surgical Rounds Courses launched at national and international conferences in 2013. He serves on the national Therapeutic Safety Committee (TSC) for monitoring of drugs and devices. Dr. Mahmoud founded the North Carolina Retina Club (NCRC) to allow interaction and collaboration between retina specialists in the state of North Carolina.